Joint Chemical, Biological, Radiological and Nuclear Regiment

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Joint Chemical, Biological, Radiation and Nuclear Regiment
A British Army TPz Fuchs Armoured Vehicle as was used by the Joint CBRN Regiment.
A British Army TPz Fuchs Armoured Vehicle as was used by the Joint CBRN Regiment.
Active1 April 1999 (1999-04-01) – 16 December 2011 (2011-12-16)
Country United Kingdom
Branch Royal Air Force
 British Army
TypeJoint unit
RoleChemical, Biological, Radiation and Nuclear (CBRN) reconnaissance, detection and decontamination
Part ofNo. 2 Group (RAF)
Home stationRAF Honington
Motto(s)Fear Naught
ColorsBrown, Red & Green
EquipmentTPz Fuchs Armoured Vehicle

The Joint Chemical, Biological, Radiological and Nuclear Regiment was a specialist expeditionary unit of the British armed forces. Personnel of the Joint CBRN Regiment were trained in the detection, identification and monitoring of nuclear, biological and chemical weapons.

It was formed on 1 April 1999[1] as the Joint NBC Regiment, from a stated recommendation in the Strategic Defence Review for an operational unit to support deployed forces of the British military in NBC defence and assistance. In 2005, the name of the regiment was changed following the addition of radiological weapons to its remit, and the NBC (Nuclear, Biological, Chemical) designation changed to CBRN.

There were five regular squadrons; four from the 1st Royal Tank Regiment[2] and one (No. 27 Squadron) from the RAF Regiment. Two squadrons (A and W) from the Royal Yeomanry and, from March 2004, 2623 Squadron RAF Regiment provided a reserve capability.[3]

On 21 July 2005, the name of the unit was changed from the Joint Nuclear Biological and Chemical Regiment (JNBCR) to the Joint Chemical, Biological, Radiological and Nuclear Regiment (JCBRNR).[4]

Elements of the Joint CBRN Regiment have since operated in this role in Kuwait and Iraq (on Operation Telic, in which the Royal Yeomanry squadrons combined into a single unit named Y Squadron[5]) and Afghanistan. The regiment contributed to operations world-wide during every year of its formation.

It was disbanded on 16 Dec 2011[6] as a result of the 2010 UK Strategic Defence and Security Review, with capabilities being transferred into the newly formed Defence CBRN Wing, formed by 26 and 27 Sqns RAF Regiment and 2623 Sqn RAuxAF Regiment.[7] The FUCHS armoured vehicle was retired at this point.[7]

The 1st Royal Tank Regiment then became divisional troops within 3rd Mechanised Division. Nevertheless, in 2014, the Royal Tank Regiment formed up with one Squadron, Falcon Squadron, dedicated towards CBRN,[8][9] and brought the FUCHS vehicles back into service in 2016.[10]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Commons, The Committee Office, House of. "House of Commons - Defence - Written Evidence". publications.parliament.uk. Retrieved 19 March 2018.
  2. ^ Westminster, Department of the Official Report (Hansard), House of Commons. "House of Commons Hansard Written Answers for 30 Mar 1999 (pt 1)". publications.parliament.uk. Retrieved 19 March 2018.
  3. ^ "2623 Squadron RAuxAF Regiment | Royal Air Force". www.raf.mod.uk. Retrieved 19 March 2018.
  4. ^ "The Royal Air Force - Organisation – Renaming of the Joint Nuclear Biological and Chemical (NBC) Regiment and the Defence Nuclear Biological and Chemical Centre (DNBCC)". Royal Air Force. 27 October 2005. Archived from the original on 10 August 2006. Retrieved 16 May 2020.
  5. ^ Westminster, Department of the Official Report (Hansard), House of Commons. "House of Commons Hansard Ministerial Statements for 18 July 2006 (pt 0154)". publications.parliament.uk. Retrieved 19 March 2018.
  6. ^ "1st Royal Tank Regiment – British Army Website". army.mod.uk. 2011. Archived from the original on 13 December 2012. Retrieved 7 October 2011.
  7. ^ a b "Defence CBRN Centre Newsletter 2011" (PDF). Ministry of Defence. 2011. p. 3. Retrieved 18 March 2017.
  8. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 8 August 2014. Retrieved 2 August 2014.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  9. ^ "News Article - The Royal Tank Regiment Association". www.royaltankregiment.com. Retrieved 19 March 2018.
  10. ^ Farmer, Ben (2 May 2016). "Army brings back sniffer vehicles for chemical weapons threat". The Telegraph. ISSN 0307-1235. Retrieved 19 March 2018.

External links[edit]