Anctoville

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Anctoville
Part of Aurseulles
Anctoville le bourg.jpg
Location of Anctoville
Anctoville is located in France
Anctoville
Anctoville
Anctoville is located in Normandy
Anctoville
Anctoville
Coordinates: 49°06′22″N 0°42′20″W / 49.1061°N 0.7056°W / 49.1061; -0.7056Coordinates: 49°06′22″N 0°42′20″W / 49.1061°N 0.7056°W / 49.1061; -0.7056
CountryFrance
RegionNormandy
DepartmentCalvados
ArrondissementBayeux
CantonAunay-sur-Odon
CommuneAurseulles
Area
1
17.48 km2 (6.75 sq mi)
Population
 (2017)[1]
1,083
 • Density62/km2 (160/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
Postal code
14240
Elevation62–158 m (203–518 ft)
(avg. 90 m or 300 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

Anctoville is a former commune in the Calvados department in the Normandy region of north-western France. On 1 January 2017, it was merged into the new commune Aurseulles.[2]

The inhabitants of the commune are known as Anctovillais or Anctovillaises[3]

Geography[edit]

Anctoville is located some 30 km south-west of Caen and 5 km north-west of Villers-Bocage in the Bessin area in the Seulles valley. It can be accessed by the D67 road from Saint-Germain-d'Ectot in the north passing through the village and continuing south-east to Villers-Bocage. The D92 road also passes through the length of the commune and the village from south-west to north-east. In the north-east of the commune the D33 road from Longraye in the north passes through and continues south-east to Villers-Bocage. Finally in the north-east is also the D173A road connecting the D92 and the D67. The commune consists entirely of farmland except for two small areas of forest in the north.

The Ruisseau des Landes forms a part of the northern border. Le Candon stream passes through the commune flowing towards the north-east and forming part of the northern border of the commune. Le Seulles stream forms part of the southern border before flowing just south of the village then continuing north-east to form most of the eastern border joining Le Candon at the northern tip of the commune. The Ruisseau David forms the south-eastern border and flows north to join Le Seulles. Le Gallichon stream also forms part of the southern border before joining Le Seulles in the south.[4]

History[edit]

The name Anctoville comes from Asketillville' meaning "Anquetil farm" (Anquetoville then later Anctoville). Cf. Ancretteville-sur-Mer.

The former name of Anctoville was Coisnières or Cornières until 1616.[5] Olivier Foulognes, the King's butler, bought the Lordship of Cornières and obtained a change of name. This fief became part of the Bailiwick of Briquessart. The oldest document showing what was the Parish of Coisnières dates from the 12th century. It was a charter of confirmation of goods given by Henry, King of England and Duke of Normandy, at Lessay.[6]

In June 1944, during the Battle of Villers-Bocage, Orbois castle housed the headquarters of the German armoured division Panzer Lehr commanded by Fritz Bayerlein.[7] Anctoville was liberated on 1 August 1944 by the British 61st reconnaissance battalion.[8] These events inspired a scenario in the video game Call of Duty 2 on the Xbox 360.[9]

In 1973, Anctoville (population 394 in 1968) merged with Feuguerolles-sur-Seulles (with 70 inhabitants to the east of the territory), Orbois (120 inhabitants in the north), and Sermentot (182 inhabitants in the north-east).[10] The communes retained the status of Associated communes of France.

Administration[edit]

List of Successive Mayors[11]

From To Name Party Position
? 2001 Albert Marie
2001 2017 Gérard Leguay Farmer

(Not all data is known)

The council is composed of fifteen members:

  • seven representing Anctoville,
  • two representing the associated commune of Feuguerolles-sur-Seulles and one delegated mayor
  • two representatives of Orbois and one delegated mayor
  • four representatives of Sermentot and one delegated mayor

The mayor is assisted by two deputies.

Demography[edit]

In 2017 the commune had 1,083 inhabitants. Anctoville itself had 1,210 inhabitants in 1806. The four communes that merged in 1973 had a total of 2,608 inhabitants in 1836 (1,173 in Anctoville, 299 in Feuguerolles-sur-Seulles, 233 in Orbois, and 903 in Sermentot).[10]

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1793 1,134—    
1800 910−3.09%
1806 1,210+4.86%
1821 1,167−0.24%
1831 1,173+0.05%
1836 1,173+0.00%
1841 1,112−1.06%
1846 1,043−1.27%
1851 1,047+0.08%
1856 998−0.95%
1861 920−1.61%
1866 931+0.24%
1872 848−1.54%
1876 830−0.53%
1881 775−1.36%
1886 721−1.43%
1891 758+1.01%
1896 713−1.22%
YearPop.±% p.a.
1901 723+0.28%
1906 714−0.25%
1911 742+0.77%
1921 595−2.18%
1926 574−0.72%
1931 563−0.39%
1936 500−2.35%
1946 511+0.22%
1954 432−2.08%
1962 430−0.06%
1968 394−1.45%
1975 751+9.65%
1982 817+1.21%
1990 850+0.50%
1999 905+0.70%
2007 1,034+1.68%
2012 1,076+0.80%
Source: EHESS[10] and INSEE[12]

Economy[edit]

The commune has an essentially agriculture oriented economy. At the communal inventory of 1998 it had 46 farms, 28 of which were of a professional standard classified by INSEE, for an area of 1,848 hectares used. There were 68 farms in 1988. The main production is the raising of cattle for milk and meat. Arable land is used for forage and grain crops.[13]

Culture and heritage[edit]

Saint Peter's Church at Feuguerolles.
Church of Saint-Aubin at Sermentot.

Civil heritage[edit]

  • The Orphanage Pierre Rayer was founded in 1883. This establishment occupied a castle from the 18th century with buildings from the 19th century. It has become a children's home of a social nature

Religious heritage[edit]

  • The Church of Saint Peter (12th-17th century) at Feuguerolles
  • The Church of Saint-Aubin (12th-17th century) at Sermentot
  • The Church of Saint Peter (Roman era and 14th century) at Orbois houses a Statue: Madonna and Child (15th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg which is classified as an historical object[14]
  • The Church of Saint Nicolas (1956)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg at Anctoville is registered as an historical monument[15]

Notable people linked to the commune[edit]

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Téléchargement du fichier d'ensemble des populations légales en 2017, INSEE
  2. ^ Arrêté préfectoral 8 September 2016 (in French)
  3. ^ Inhabitants of Calvados (in French)
  4. ^ a b Google Maps
  5. ^ Role of vassals and rear vassals of the Bailiwick of Caen in 1552, p. 276, Émile Travers
  6. ^ Monumental Statistics of Calvados, Arcisse de Caumont
  7. ^ panzerace.net - villers bocage Archived January 16, 2014, at the Wayback Machine consulted on 4 January 2010
  8. ^ The 61st in the Western Europe Campaign 1944, consulted on 6 January 2010
  9. ^ Game Reviews Archived August 13, 2009, at the Wayback Machine
  10. ^ a b c Des villages de Cassini aux communes d'aujourd'hui: Commune data sheet Anctoville, EHESS. (in French)
  11. ^ List of Mayors of France
  12. ^ Populations légales 2012, INSEE
  13. ^ Ministry of Food, Agriculture, and Fisheries, Agreste, Statistics, Evaluation and prospects for Agriculture - Communes consulted on 19 January 2010 (in French)
  14. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM14001062 Statue: Madonna and child (in French)Camera aabb.svg
  15. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée EA14000001 Church of Saint Nicolas (in French)