Simpson Street station

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 Simpson Street
 "2" train"5" train
MTA NYC logo.svg New York City Subway station (rapid transit)
Simpson Street Station.jpg
Station house as viewed from the street
Station statistics
AddressSimpson Street & Westchester Avenue
Bronx, NY 10459
BoroughThe Bronx
LocaleLongwood, Foxhurst
Coordinates40°49′26″N 73°53′35″W / 40.824°N 73.893°W / 40.824; -73.893Coordinates: 40°49′26″N 73°53′35″W / 40.824°N 73.893°W / 40.824; -73.893
DivisionA (IRT)
LineIRT White Plains Road Line
Services   2 all times (all times)
   5 all times except rush hours in the peak direction and late nights (all times except rush hours in the peak direction and late nights)
Transit connectionsBus transport NYCT Bus: Bx4, Bx4A, Bx5, Bx11, Bx19, Bx27, Bx35
StructureElevated
Platforms2 side platforms
Tracks3
Other information
OpenedNovember 26, 1904; 115 years ago (1904-11-26) (3rd Ave. Line; Bergen Avenue By-pass)
July 10, 1905; 115 years ago (1905-07-10) (White Plains Rd. Line)
Station code430[1]
AccessibleThis station is compliant with the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 ADA-accessible
Opposite-direction transfer availableNo
Traffic
20192,602,749[3]Increase 0.6%
Rank188 out of 424[3]
Station succession
Next northFreeman Street: 2 all times5 all times except rush hours in the peak direction and late nights
Next adjacent station compliant with the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 northEast 180th Street: 2 all times5 all times except rush hours in the peak direction and late nights
Next southIntervale Avenue: 2 all times5 all times except rush hours in the peak direction and late nights
Next adjacent station compliant with the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 southThird Avenue–149th Street: 2 all times5 all times except rush hours in the peak direction and late nights

Simpson Street Subway Station and Substation #18 (IRT)
IRT Substation 18 (South Side).JPG
The accompanying IRT Substation #18 at 1043 Simpson Street less than one block north of the subway station.
MPSNew York City Subway System MPS
NRHP reference No.04001027[4]
Added to NRHPSeptember 17, 2004

Simpson Street is a local station on the IRT White Plains Road Line of the New York City Subway. Located at the intersection of Simpson Street and Westchester Avenue in the Longwood neighborhood of the Bronx, it is served by the 2 train at all times, and the 5 train at all times except late nights and rush hours in the peak direction.

History[edit]

The initial segment of the IRT White Plains Road Line opened on November 26, 1904 between 180th Street–Bronx Park and Jackson Avenue. Initially, trains on the line were served by elevated trains from the IRT Second Avenue Line and the IRT Third Avenue Line. Once the connection to the IRT Lenox Avenue Line opened on July 10, 1905, trains from the newly opened IRT subway ran via the line.[5][6][7]

The Bergen Avenue cutoff, which allowed Third Avenue trains to access the White Plains Road Line, was abandoned on November 5, 1946, as part of the gradual curtailment of elevated service on the IRT Third Avenue Line.[6] On June 13, 1949, the platform extensions at this station, as well as those on White Plains Road Line stations between Jackson Avenue and 177th Street, opened. The platforms were lengthened to 514 feet (157 m) to allow full ten-car express trains to open their doors. Previously the stations could only accommodate six-car local trains.[8]

The station was renovated in the early 2000s. This station was listed on the National Register of Historic Places on September 17, 2004, along with the Westchester-Simpson Street Substation, also known as IRT Substation #18.[4]

Station layout[edit]

Track layout
P
Platform level
Side platform
Northbound local "2" train toward 241st Street (Freeman Street)
"5" train toward Dyre Avenue (Freeman Street)
Peak-direction express "5" train PM rush does not stop here →
"5" train AM rush does not stop here →
Southbound local "2" train toward Flatbush Avenue via Seventh (Intervale Avenue)
"5" train toward Flatbush Avenue via Lexington weekdays, Bowling Green evenings/weekends (Intervale Avenue)
Side platform
G Street level Exit/entrance
Handicapped/disabled access Uptown elevator at southwest corner of Simpson Street and Westchester Avenue; downtown elevator at northwest corner
The station during a snowfall

This station has two side platforms and three tracks. The center express track is used by the 5 train during rush hours in the peak direction. To the north, the line curves from Westchester Avenue to Southern Boulevard. The IRT Pelham Line (6 and <6>​ trains), which curves above Westchester Avenue five blocks northeast of this station, is visible from the east end of the platforms.

As with other original IRT elevated viaducts, the elevated structure at Simpson Street is carried on two column bents, one on each side of the road, at places where the tracks are no more than 29 feet (8.8 m) above the ground level. There is zigzag lateral bracing at intervals of every four panels.[9]

Both platforms have cream-colored windscreens and red canopies. Both platforms also have green outlines, frames, and support columns in their center and green waist-high, ornament-style steel fences at either ends with several lampposts. The station's signs are in the standard black name plates with white Helvetica lettering.

Exits[edit]

Due to the tracks' low height above ground, both station houses are at platform level and there are no crossovers or crossunders. Elevators from the street to each platform make this station ADA-accessible. The station's elevators were installed in August 1989, making the station one of the earliest to comply with the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990.

The southbound platform (for trains headed to Manhattan) has a station house that is staffed full-time and contains several sets of doors leading to the small waiting area from the platform, a turnstile bank, token booth, two staircases going down to either northern corners of Simpson Street and Westchester Avenue, and one elevator going down to the northeast corner. A high exit-only turnstile on either side of the station house leads directly to one of the street stairs from the platform.[10]

The northbound platform's station house is unstaffed, containing several sets of doors leading to the small waiting area from the platform, a bank of three turnstiles, two staircases going down to either southern corners of Simpson Street and Westchester Avenue, and one elevator going down to the southwest corner. It had a customer assistance booth until April 2010. A high exit-only turnstile on either side of the station house leads directly to one of the street stairs from the platform.[10]

Artwork[edit]

The 2006 artwork here is called What We Build is Not Permanent, We Are Not What We Build by Lisa Amowitz. It consists of stained glass panels on the platform windscreens and station houses with the theme with renewing or rebuilding what has died or fallen.[11]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Station Developers' Information". Metropolitan Transportation Authority. Retrieved June 13, 2017.
  2. ^ "Facts and Figures: Annual Subway Ridership 2014–2019". Metropolitan Transportation Authority. 2020. Retrieved May 26, 2020.
  3. ^ a b "Facts and Figures: Annual Subway Ridership 2014–2019". Metropolitan Transportation Authority. 2020. Retrieved May 26, 2020.
  4. ^ a b "New York MPS Simpson Street Subway Station and Substation #18 (IRT)". Records of the National Park Service, 1785 - 2006, Series: National Register of Historic Places and National Historic Landmarks Program Records, 2013 - 2017, Box: National Register of Historic Places and National Historic Landmarks Program Records: New York, ID: 75312116. National Archives.
  5. ^ "Discuss Subway Signs in 18th St. Station" (PDF). The New York Times. November 27, 1904. ISSN 0362-4331. Archived (PDF) from the original on March 24, 2020.
  6. ^ a b Kahn, Alan Paul (January 1, 1973). Tracks of New York /. New York : Electric Railroaders' Association.
  7. ^ "Subway Trains Running From Bronx to Battery" (PDF). The New York Times. July 10, 1905. ISSN 0362-4331. Archived (PDF) from the original on March 24, 2020. Retrieved September 4, 2016.
  8. ^ Report for the three and one-half years ending June 30, 1949. New York City Board of Transportation. 1949. hdl:2027/mdp.39015023094926.
  9. ^ Transit Journal. 1904. p. 470. Retrieved 2020-04-16. This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain..
  10. ^ a b
  11. ^ "Artwork: What We Build is Not Permanent, We Are Not What We Build (Lisa Amowitz)". www.nycsubway.org. Retrieved 2020-03-24.

External links[edit]